Glossary of Terms

Japanese Translation
kumite sparring
ippon kumite one-step sparring
sanbon kumite three-step sparring
gohon kumite five-step sparring
jiyuu ippon kumite semi-free one point sparring
jiyuu kumite free sparring
shiai kumite competition sparring
joh-dan upper level
chuudan middle level
gedan low level
kihon basics
kiai yell
kime focus/decision
rei bow
yoh-i preparation
yame stop
naotte recover
yasume rest
mawatte turn around
hajime begin
mokusoh meditation
dojo karate hall
seiza sit down
sensei karate teacher
 
Stance Translation
musubi-dachi attention
heisoku-dachi feet together
hachinoji-dachi yoi
shizen-tai yoi
zenkutsu-dachi front stance
kohkutsu-dachi back stance
kiba-dachi horse stance
neko-ashi-dachi cat stance
sochin-dachi rooted stance
fudoh-dachi rooted stance
sanchin-dachi hourglass stance
hangetsu-dachi half-moon stance
 
Attack Translation
tsuki punch
oi-zuki stepping punch
choku-zuki punch
gyaku-zuki reverse punch
kizami-zuki jab
nukite-uchi spear hand
uraken-uchi back fist
enpi-uchi elbow strike
keri kick
mae-geri front kick
mawashi-geri round kick
yoko kekomi side thrust kick
yoko keage side snap kick
ushiro-geri back kick
mikazuki-geri crescent kick
ashi barai leg sweep
 
Block Translation
age-uke rising block
soto-uke outside block
uchi-uke inside block
gedan-barai sweeping block
nagashi-uke passing block
shuto-uke knife hand block
kakiwake-uke separating block
juuji-uke cross block
morote-uke double arm block